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Formation history of Ba Be Lake

( Cập nhật lúc: 18/09/2013  )
Ba Be is a freshwater lake lying between two districts of Bac Kan province, named Ba Be and Cho Don, spreading 8 km long, 3 km wide and 145 m high above sea level. It was formed around 200 million years ago, surrounded by various ranges of ancient carste cliffs existing for 450 million years ago. It has been recognized as the national tourist zone of Vietnam.
  Natural beauty of Ba Be Lake

Ba Be Lake means "Slam Pé" (“Three lakes” in the local Tay language), the common name referring to the three parts of the lake named Pé Lầm, Pé Lù and Pé Lèng. This lake was formed from the destruction of South East Asia continental mass at the end of Cambri era around 200 million years ago, creating an enermous water raising mass with the volume of 5 million square meters and its thickness of 33 meters hanging in the middle of Limestone Mountain, forming Ba Be Lake.

The greatest value of Ba Be Lake is its geological landscape. The geologists from Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST) and Royal Belgian Society of Geography (SRBG) affirmed that limestone rocks in Ba Be Lake were original with its special construction around 450 million years ago. The limestone rocks have been changed its structure into granite during the process of geological construction. At the same time, a 200m layer of clay at the lake bottom has helped preventing water drainage, forming Ba Be Lake.

  Caves with original stalactites

Bio-diversity is also one of the prominent values of Ba Be Lake. As the biggest natural freshwater lake in Vietnam, Ba Be Lake spreads 8 km long, 3 km wide, 20 to 30 m deep and 145 m above sea level, with the surface area around 500ha and is surrounded by limestone cliffs with a number of underground streams and caves. The lake is contracted in the middle with the emergence of 2 small islands (An Ma and Widow Islands). Surroundings are tourist community such as Fairy pond (Ao Tien), Po Gia Mai Island, Puong cave, Dau Dang waterfall and etc. In addition, Ba Be Lake is also home to 50 species of fish including noble fish such as Ba Be toadfish, Chien fish, lam xanh fish and sinh ga fish…and various kinds of scare plants recorded in Vietnam Red book such as climbing bamboo, ironwood, Đinh wood and Nghiến wood (Burretiodendron hsienmu). 

There are three main rivers flows discharging the water into the Lake, one from Cho Lung River into Pac Ngoi Village Lake, Nam Cuong stream from the north of Cho Don District into Bo Lu Village Lake and Ta Han River from Xuan Lac into the west of Coc Toc Lake. The water level fluctuates 1 – 2 meters in dry and rainy season. The lake plays a great role in spate distribution for Nang River from Be Cam gate. Due to the surrounded system of rivers, streams, lakes, forest, mountain and caves, the average temperature remains 22oC, making it warm in winter and cool in summer.

Coming to Ba Be Lake, visitors will have a piragua boat trip around the lake, a small and flat-bottomed boat which is one of the characteristics of the local ethnic people or motor boat for sightseeing.

  Going for a piragua boat trip round Ba Be Lake is the characteristic

With its unique characteristics and spectacular natural landscape, the world’s freshwater lake conference which was organized in March 1995 in America recognized Ba Be Lake as one of 20 world’s special freshwater lakes needed for preservation and development. The lake was also recognized as the beauty spot and historical vestige on March 13, 1997 and as a cultural and historical vestige by Ministry of Culture and Information on September 09, 1996. At the end of 2004, Ba Be national park was nominated as ASEAN Heritage, especially Ba Be Lake – one of the largest natural freshwater lake of Vietnam, was recorded as national cultural and historical vestige in 1996.

The lake is 18 km far from Cho Ra town (Ba Bể district). There are 2 routes to get to the lake, 60 km from the provincial road 256 - Bac Kan town - Ba Be lake and 70 km from the provincial road 257 - Cho Don - Ba Be lake./.

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